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17th-18th centuries | 19th century | 20th century | 21st century


The 19th Century (XIX Century) lasted from 1801 to 1900. The following are events that happened in the 19th century:

  • 1894: May 11-August 2, the Pullman Strike.
  • 1893: First Ferris Wheel built by George Washington Gale Ferris, Jr..
  • 1893: The World's Columbian Exposition (World's Fair)
  • 1892: Masonic Temple is, for two years, the tallest building in the world, using highest occupied floor criteria.
  • 1891: Chicago's first elevated railway "The El," went into operation to begin the "Loop" that would circle the city's downtown area.
  • 1890: The University of Chicago is founded by John D. Rockefeller.
  • 1886: May 4, the Haymarket Riot.
  • 1885: Home Insurance Building is world's first skyscraper.
  • 1871: October 8-October 10, the Great Chicago Fire.
  • 1868: Rand McNally is formed as a railway guide company.
  • 1867: Construction began on the Water Tower designed by architect W. W. Boyington.
  • 1863: Mercy Hospital becomes the first hospital in Illinois.
  • 1860: September 8, the Lady Elgin Disaster.
  • 1855: Lager Beer Riot.
  • 1854: A cholera epidemic took the lives of 5.5% of the population of Chicago.
  • 1851: Chicago's first institution of higher education, Northwestern University, is founded.
  • 1848: Chicago Board of Trade opens on April 3 by 82 local businessmen.
  • 1848: Illinois and Michigan Canal opens and traffic begins moving through the city at a much higher rate.
  • 1847: The first issue of the Chicago Tribune is printed on June 10.
  • 1840: Chicago's first legally executed criminal, John Stone was hanged on Friday, July 10, for the rape and murder of Lucretia Thompson, a farmer's wife.
  • 1837: C. D. Peacock jewelers was founded. It is the oldest Chicago business still operating today.
  • 1837: Chicago receives its first charter.
  • 1818: Illinois joins the union.
  • 1816: The Treaty with the Ottawa, etc. is signed in St. Louis, Missouri, Ft. Dearborn is rebuilt.
  • 1812: August 15, the Fort Dearborn Massacre.
  • 1803: The U.S. Army constructs Ft. Dearborn near the mouth of the Chicago River.
Smallwikipedialogo.png This page uses content from Wikipedia. The original article was at Timeline of Chicago history. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with Chicago, the text of Wikipedia is available under the GNU Free Documentation License.

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